Difference between revisions of "X410"

From Ettus Knowledge Base
Jump to: navigation, search
(100 Gigabit Ethernet)
(Choosing a Host Interface)
Line 251: Line 251:
'''Recommended 100 Gigabit Ethernet Cards'''
'''Recommended 100 Gigabit Ethernet Cards'''
* Mellanox/NVIDIA ConnectX-5 EX 100 GbE NIC (MCX516A-CCAT (PCIe Gen3 x16)): https://store.nvidia.com/en-us/networking/store/product/MCX516A-CCAT/nvidiamcx516a-ccatconnectx-5enadaptercard100gbe/
* Mellanox/NVIDIA ConnectX-5 EX 100 GbE NIC (MCX516A-CCAT (PCIe Gen3 x16))
* Mellanox/NVIDIA ConnectX-5 EX 100 GbE NIC (MCX516A-CDAT (PCIe Gen4 x16)): https://store.nvidia.com/en-us/networking/store/product/MCX516A-CDAT/nvidiamcx516a-cdatconnectx-5exenadaptercard100gbe/
** [https://store.nvidia.com/en-us/networking/store/product/MCX516A-CCAT/nvidiamcx516a-ccatconnectx-5enadaptercard100gbe/ NVIDIA® MCX516A-CCAT ConnectX-5 EN Adapter Card 100GbE PCIe Gen 3x16  ]
* Mellanox/NVIDIA ConnectX-5 EX 100 GbE NIC (MCX516A-CDAT (PCIe Gen4 x16))
** [https://store.nvidia.com/en-us/networking/store/product/MCX516A-CDAT/nvidiamcx516a-cdatconnectx-5exenadaptercard100gbe/ NVIDIA® MCX516A-CCAT ConnectX-5 EN Adapter Card 100GbE PCIe Gen 4x16  ]
'''Recommended 100 Gigabit Ethernet Cables'''
'''Recommended 100 Gigabit Ethernet Cables'''
* Mellanox/NVIDIA 3m QSFP28 MCP1600-C003E26N: https://store.nvidia.com/en-us/networking/store/product/MCP1600-C003E26N/nvidiamcp1600-c003e26ndaccableethernet100gbeqsfp283m/
* Mellanox/NVIDIA 3m QSFP28 MCP1600-C003E26N
** [https://store.nvidia.com/en-us/networking/store/product/MCP1600-C003E26N/nvidiamcp1600-c003e26ndaccableethernet100gbeqsfp283m/ NVIDIA® MCP1600-C003E26N DAC Cable Ethernet 100GbE QSFP28 3m  ]
** Shorter length variants also recommended
** Shorter length variants also recommended

Revision as of 10:48, 21 April 2022


When you receive a brand-new device, it is strongly recommended that you download the most recent filesystem image from the Ettus Research website and write it to the NI Ettus USRP X410. Instructions on downloading the latest filesystem image and writing it to the X410 is described in the https://kb.ettus.com/USRP_X410_Getting_Started_Guide.

Note that if you are operating the device in Network Mode, then the versions of UHD running on the host computer and on the NI Ettus USRP X410 device must match.

Device Overview

The NI Ettus USRP X410 is a high-performance, multi-channel software defined radio. The SDR is designed for frequencies from 1 MHz to 7.2 GHz, tunable up to 8 GHz and features a two-stage superheterodyne architecture with 4 independent TX and RX channels capable of 400 MHz of instantaneous bandwidth each. Digital interfaces for data offload and control include two QSFP28 interfaces capable of 100 GbE[1], a PCIe Gen3 x8 [3] interface, as well standard command, control, and debug interfaces: USB-C JTAG, USB-C console, Ethernet 10/100/1000. The USRP X410 is an all-in-one device built on the Xilinx Zynq Ultrascale+ ZU28DR RF System on Chip (RFSoC) with built-in digital up and down conversion and onboard Soft-Decision Forward Error Correction (SD-FEC) IP.

Key Features


  • High channel density
  • Reliable and fault-tolerant deployment
  • Stand-alone (embedded) or host-based (network streaming) operation
  • Fully integrated and assembled (the USRP X410 does not support swappable daughtercards)
  • 1 MHz to 7.2 GHz frequency range (tunable up to 8GHz)
  • Up to 400 MHz of instantaneous bandwidth per channel
  • 4 RX, 4 TX in half-wide RU form factor
  • Xilinx Zynq-Ultrascale+ ZU28DR RFSoC
  • 12 bit ADC, 14 bit DAC
  • IQ Sample Clock rates up to 500 MS/s
  • Onboard SD-FEC, DDC, DUC
  • Quad-core ARM Cortex-A53 up to 1.2 GHz CPU
  • Dual-core ARM Cortex-A5 MPCore up to 500 MHz
  • Two QSFP28 ports (10 Gigabit Ethernet, 100 Gigabit Ethernet, Aurora)
  • Two iPass+™ zHD® Interfaces (PCIe Gen3 x 8)
  • RJ45 (1 GbE) [1]
  • 10 MHz Clock reference
  • PPS time reference
  • Trig In/Out Interface
  • Built-in GPSDO
  • Two FPGA Programmable GPIO Interfaces (HDMI)
  • 1 Type C USB host port
  • 1 Type C USB port (serial console, JTAG)
  • Watchdog timer
  • OpenEmbedded Linux
  • USRP Hardware Driver™ (UHD) open-source software API version 4.1.0 or later
  • RF Network on Chip (RFNoC™) FPGA development framework
  • Xilinx Vivado® 2019.1 Design Suite (license not included)
  • GNU Radio support maintained by Ettus Research™ through GR-UHD, an interface to UHD distributed by GNU Radio
  • [1] The RJ45 port is used for remote management of the device and does not support IQ streaming.

Hardware Specifications



  • Current Hardware Revision: Module revision E and Motherboard revision G
  • Minimum version of UHD required:


CAD/STP Models

If you want any CAD / STP models beyond those found here, please send an email to Ettus Support at support@ettus.com noting your request and your use case for any such model. We will determine on a case-by-case basis whether we have any such requested model and, if so, whether to release it -- possibly requiring an NDA for any such release. Note that we do not have models on all USRPs and daughterboards, and requesting any model does not guarantee that either Ettus Research or NI will honor any such request.


  • Support GPSDO NMEA Strings


You can query the lock status with the gps_locked sensor, as well as obtain raw NMEA sentences using the gps_gprmc, and gps_gpgga sensors. Location information can be parsed out of the gps_gpgga sensor by using gpsd or another NMEA parser.


Module Specifications
1 PPS Timing Accuracy from GPS receiver <8ns to UTC RMS (1-Sigma) GPS Locked
Holdover Stability (1 week with GPS) <±50us over 3 Hour Period @+25°C (No Motion, No Airflow)
1 PPS Output 3.3VDC CMOS
Serial Port TTL Level, GPS NMEA Output with 1Hz or 5Hz update rate, Integrated into UHD
GPS Frequency L1, C/A 1574MHz
GPS Antenna Active (3V compatible) or Passive (0dB to +30dB gain)
GPS Receiver 65 Channels, QZSS, SBAS WAAS, EGNOS, MSAS capable

Supports Position and Hold over-determined clock mode

Sensitivity Acquisition -148dBm, Tracking -165dBm
TTFF Cold Start: <32 sec, Warm Start: 1 sec, Hot Start: 1 sec
ADEV 10s: <7E-011

10Ks: <2E-012 (GPS Locked, 25°C, no motion, no airflow)

Warm Up Time / Stabilization Time <10 min at +25C to 1E-09 Accuracy
Supply Voltage (Vdd) 3.3V Single-Supply, +0.2V/-0.15V
Power Consumption <0.16W
Operating Temperature -10°C to +70°C
Storage Temperature -45C to 85C
Oscillator Specifications (internal)
Frequency Output of low Phase Noise crystal 20MHz CMOS 3Vpp
20MHz Retrace ±2E-08 After 1 Hour @ +25°C without GPS
RF Output Amplitude 3Vpp CMOS
20MHz Phase Jitter (100Hz to 10MHz) <0.135ps rms
Frequency Stability Over Temperature (0°C to +60°C) ±0.1ppm (internal TCXO without GPS)
Warm Up Time < 1 min at +25C
Phase Noise at 20MHz 1Hz -65 dBc/Hz
10Hz -97 dBc/Hz
100Hz -116 dBc/Hz
1kHz -136 dBc/Hz
10kHz <-148 dBc/Hz
100 kHz <-155 dBc/Hz



FPGA User Modifications

The Verilog code for the FPGA in the NI Ettus USRP X410 is open-source, and users are free to modify and customize it for their needs. However, certain modifications may result in either bricking the device, or even in physical damage to the unit. Specifically, changing the I/O interface of the FPGA in any way, or modifying the pin and timing constraint files, could result in physical damage to other components on the motherboard, external to the FPGA, and doing this will void the warranty. Also, even if the PCIe interface is not being used, you cannot remove or reassign these pins in the constraint file. The constraint files should not be modified. Please note that modifications to the FPGA are made at the risk of the user, and may not be covered by the warranty of the device.

Interfaces and Connectivity

Front Panel

Rear Panel

Ref Clock - 10 MHz

Using an external 10 MHz reference clock, a square wave will offer the best phase noise performance, but a sinusoid is acceptable.

PPS - Pulse Per Second

Using a PPS signal for timestamp synchronization requires a square wave signal (a typical PPS signal has a 20%-25% duty cycle) with a 5Vpp amplitude.

To test the PPS input, you can use the following tool from the UHD examples:

  • <args> are device address arguments (optional if only one USRP device is on your machine)
   cd <install-path>/lib/uhd/examples ./test_pps_input –args=<args>

Front Panel GPIO

Power on state

Pin Mapping

Note: Please see the X410 GPIO API for information on configuring and using the GPIO bus.

Power Connector

Pin Detail



As of December 1st, 2010 all Ettus Research products are RoHS compliant unless otherwise noted. More information can be found at http://ettus.com/legal/rohs-information

China RoHS

Management Methods for Controlling Pollution Caused by Electronic Information Products Regulation

Chinese Customers

National Instruments is in compliance with the Chinese policy on the Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) used in Electronic Information Products. For more information about the National Instruments China RoHS compliance, visit ni.com/environment/rohs_china.

Certificate of Volatility


FPGA Resources

UHD Stable Binaries

UHD Source Code on Github

Choosing a Host Interface

10 Gigabit Ethernet

Recommended 10 Gigabit Ethernet Cards

100 Gigabit Ethernet

Recommended 100 Gigabit Ethernet Cards

Recommended 100 Gigabit Ethernet Cables

Recommended Host PC

  • At least 15 CPU Cores
  • At least 32 GB RAM
  • Ubuntu 20.04 (5.4.0-89-generic kernel)

Validated Hardware and Software Configuration Examples

  • Ubuntu 20.04 (5.4.0-89-generic kernel), DPDK 19.11, with Intel(R) Core(TM) i9-10920X CPU @ 3.50GHz - 24 CPU - 4.8 GHz Max CPU freq - 64 GB RAM. Mellanox/NVIDIA ConnectX-5 EX 100 GbE NIC (MCX516A-CCAT (PCIe Gen3 x16)). Mellanox/NVIDIA 3m QSFP28 MCP1600-C003E26N cables.
  • Ubuntu 20.04 (5.4.0-89-generic kernel), DPDK 20.11, with AMD Ryzen Threadripper 3960X 24-Core Processor - 48 CPU - 3.6 GHz CPU freq - 64 GB RAM. Mellanox/NVIDIA ConnectX-5 EX 100 GbE NIC (MCX516A-CDAT (PCIe Gen4 x16)). Mellanox/NVIDIA 3m QSFP28 MCP1600-C003E26N cables.

Data Throughput Rates

  • Executing benchmark_rate multiple iterations as well as over an extended continuous time period (>12 Hours) without data loss resulted in the following maximum rates and channel counts:
    • Usage of the --priority argument set to high in benchmark_rate which requires benchmark rate to be executed with root privileges via sudo
    • Usage of single versus multiple threads in the benchmark_rate utility - controlled by using the --multi_streamer argument. Specifying this argument assigns one thread per channel being streamed.
    • Utilizing the CG_400 bitfile which does not include DUC/DDC resampling thus supports only rates of 491.52 MS/s and 500 MS/s
    • Dual Port DPDK
      • 4 Rx + 4 Tx @ 491.52 MS/s
      • 4 Rx @ 491.52 MS/s
      • 4 Tx @ 491.52 MS/s
    • Single Port DPDK
      • 2 Rx + 2 Tx @ 491.52 MS/s
      • 4 Rx @ 491.52 MS/s
      • 3 Tx @ 491.52 MS/s
    • Dual Port Non-DPDK
      • 1 Rx + 1 Tx @ 491.52 MS/s
      • 4 Rx @ 491.52 MS/s
      • 2 Tx @ 491.52 MS/s
    • Single Port Non-DPDK
      • 1 Rx + 1 Tx @ 491.52 MS/s
      • 3 Rx @ 491.52 MS/s
      • 2 Tx @ 491.52 MS/s

International Power Supply Options

Option: USRP X410 Rackmount

Guidance on SFP+ Adapters for Fiber Connectivity on NI Ettus USRP X410

Ettus Research currently offers direct-connect, copper cabling accessories for the NI Ettus USRP X410. However, it is also possible to use multi-mode fiber instead of copper connections for these devices. In this section, we will provide general guidance on the types of fiber adapters and cables that can be used with these products.

The NI Ettus USRP X410 is compatible with most brands of SFP+ fiber adapters. In some cases, other equipment in the systems such as 1/10/100 Gigabit Ethernet switches are only compatible with specific brands of SFP+ adapters and cables. As a general rule, we recommend checking compatibility with the switches and network cards in your system before purchasing an adapter.

Ettus Research does test the NI Ettus USRP X410 devices with our TBD. Here are is a list of known-good cables and adapters.

Ettus Research has only tested multi-mode fiber accessories.

Known-Good Adapters

Known-Good Cables

Guidance on 10Gb SFP+ to RJ45 Adapters

Many new motherboards come equipped with an onboard 10Gb RJ45 NIC. It is possible to use a SFP+ to RJ45 adapter and operate at 10Gb speeds using a Cat6/7 Ethernet cables.

Ettus Research has tested the adapters linked below.

Known-Good Adapters

Data Throughput Rates